The Berlin Wall in Africa

 

 

  • In the last  66 million years, the continents have rifted into their present positions. The ancient supercontinent Gondwana split into South America, Africa, Australia, Antarctica and the Indian subcontinent. 

 

  • The Berlin Wall was more than 87 miles long. It was constructed from 45,000 separate sections of reinforced concrete, each 12 ft high and 3.9 ft wide. The top of the wall was lined with a smooth pipe, intended to make it more difficult to scale. 

 

  • Africa is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea. From the most northerly point, Ras ben Sakka in Tunisia, to the most southerly point, Cape Agulhas in South Africa, is approximately 5,000 miles.

 

  • The wall was reinforced by mesh fencing, anti-vehicle trenches, contact fences, barbed wire, dogs, over three hundred watchtowers, and twenty bunkers.

 

  • For the last 40 million years Africa has been slowly colliding with Europe. Over geological time Africa is likely to continue its northern migration, closing the Mediterranean and driving up a Himalayan-scale mountain range in southern Europe.

 

  • The Death Strip was covered with raked sand or gravel so trespasser’s footprints would show up easily; it provided no cover and offered a clear field of fire for the wall guards.

 

  • According to genetic and fossil evidence, archaic Homo sapiens evolved to anatomically modern humans solely in Africa, between 200,000 and 100,000 years ago, with members of one branch leaving Africa by 60,000 years ago

 

  • The west side of the Berlin wall was covered in graffiti. The East side was not.